74HCT04 Hex Inverter IC
The 74HCT04 is a hex inverter IC,
meaning it has 6 inverted (NOT Gates) inside it of which each NOT gate
can perform independently on its own. NOT gates are very useful in
building Logic Combinational Circuits; they can also work independently
as a Wave oscillator or as a Buffer IC.
Learn more about this Hex Inverter IC: https://components101.com/ics/74hct04-hex-inverter-ic-pinout-datasheet
Make a Bluetooth controlled Sign board using an 8*8 Matrix display. A unique feature of this project is its android application which allows the user to control all the 64 LEDs individually from the mobile phone. This enables the user to create custom designs with ease and display it on the LED display.
Check out the complete project here: https://circuitdigest.com/microcontroller-projects/arduino-based-bluetooth-controlled-sign-board-circuit-on-pcb
LM7905 Voltage Regulator
7905 IC is an negative 5V regulator, meaning it
provides -5V as output. The name 7905 signifies two meaning, “79” means
that it is a negative voltage regulator and “05” means that it provides
5V as output. So our 7905 will provide a -5V output voltage.
Learn more about 7905 Voltage Regulator: https://components101.com/ics/lm7905-voltage-regulator-pinout-datasheet
Simple Relay Circuit
Let’s take a simple example where we will be turning on an AC lamp (CFL) by using a relay switch. In this relay circuit we use a push button to trigger a 5V relay, which in turn, complete the second circuit and turn on the lamp.
Find the circuit details here: https://circuitdigest.com/electronic-circuits/simple-relay-switch-circuit-diagram
Transistor Switching Circuit: How Transistor Acts as a Switch
In an NPN transistor, Current starts flowing from collector to emitter only when a minimum voltage of 0.7V is supplied to the base terminal. When there is no voltage on Base terminal it works as an open switch between collector and emitter.
Know more about how a NPN or PNP transistor works as a switch: https://circuitdigest.com/electronic-circuits/npn-and-pnp-transistor-switching-circuit-diagram
18650 Lithium Ion Battery
The 18650 Cell is a Li-ion type battery which has found its application in many fields such as Portable electronics like torch lights, Electric Vehicles/Cars like Tesla and much more. The main reason for this battery being successful is its properties compared to its competitors. These properties include current carrying capability, voltage, cycle life, storage life, safety, and operating temperature and much more.
Know more about 18650 Li-ion cell: https://components101.com/batteries/18650-lithium-cell
74HC245 8-bit Transceiver IC
The 74HC245 is an 8-bit transceiver IC with 3-state
output. Meaning it has two set of pins (A0-A7 and B0-B7), in which each
set has 8 pins. Out of these two sets one set can be used as input and
the other set can be used as output. Since the IC is a transceiver IC,
Data can flow from input bus to output bus and also from output bus to
input bus, by simply toggling the Direction pin (DIR) pin as required.
It also has a decent output current of 35mA and hence can be used to
drive nominal loads.
A Voltage or Potential Divider Circuit is commonly used circuit in electronics where an input voltage has to be converted to another voltage lower than then the original. This is very useful for all analog circuits where variable voltages are required, hence it is important to understand how this circuit works and how to calculate the values of the resistors required to make a voltage divider circuit to output the desired voltage.
Get Started with Labview
LabVIEW is an acronym of Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench. Their appearance and operations resembles real world instruments, such as button, voltmeter, oscilloscope, etc,. and hence they are called as Virtual Instruments (VIs). It offers a graphical programming approach and helps to simulate real world products, which helps you to visualize and program. Thus it requires only logic to program and it is syntax independent. LabVIEW is a high level design tool. It is an interpreter programming (i.e.,) we need not compile it. It compiles itself, we only need to execute it.